Cooperative learning is an instructional method that emphasizes small-group work. The teacher puts students with different abilities and talents into a small group and assigns that group a specific task, with the requirement that the students work together to carry out the task.
Cooperative learning fosters both positive interdependence and responsibility. Students learn […]
Helping students learn how to get along with others is a key strategy in building a caring and safe school culture. While many students come to school with some social skills already in place, most students benefit from direct teaching of appropriate social skills, such as thinking before acting, listening, establishing and maintaining relationships, dealing […]
There are universal attributes that schools and communities value. Character development is the deliberate effort to nurture these attributes and use them as a standard against which we hold ourselves accountable. They are key aspects of school life.
Character development attributes:
Bind us together and form the basis of responsible citizenship Are a foundation for […]
A problem-solving approach to dealing with inappropriate behaviour is aimed at preventing the behaviour from occurring again by helping the student learn a positive behaviour, by empowering the student to take responsibility for solving problem he or she caused, and by leaving the student with his or her dignity intact and a positive sense of […]
The use of restorative practices has its roots in the Aboriginal concept and practice of “restorative justice”, a method of dealing with criminal justice issues that focuses on repairing the harm done to people and relationships rather than on punishing offenders. Barton and van den Broek (1999) refer to restorative justice as part of “the […]
A functional behavioural assessment involves gathering information that can be used to plan interventions to address inappropriate behaviour. The focus of the assessment is on identifying patterns of behaviour rather than on individual occurrences of problematic behaviour. This type of assessment is used to determine the relationship between a person’s environment and the occurrence of […]
Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is an effective approach to understanding and changing behaviour, and teaching new skills. ABA uses methods based on scientific principles of learning and behaviour to build useful repertoires and reduce problematic ones. In this approach, the behaviour(s) to be changed are clearly defined and recorded and the antecedents and reinforcers that […]
Prompts are cues or assistance to encourage the student to provide the desired response. There are many natural […]
A Behaviour Support Plan (BSP) is a written plan that is designed to target the underlying reason for behaviour, replace the inappropriate behaviour with an appropriate behaviour that serves the same function, and reduce or eliminate the challenging behaviour (Ontario Ministry of Education, 2007). If the student also has an Individual Education Plan (IEP), then […]
At times a student’s behaviour may pose a direct risk to self or to others. In these circumstances, staff intervention may need to take the form of physical intervention to respond to the behaviour of the disruptive student so that all students can benefit from their education. It should be noted that very few students […]
As part of, or prior to, the development of a student’s Safe Intervention Plan, school staff should conduct a classroom and school safety audit specific to the student’s needs. Classroom items that could present a potential risk for student self-injury or be used to injure others should be identified and either removed or placed in […]
Effective communication among all parties is the key to building relationships of mutual trust and cooperation that lead to the development of appropriate behavioural supports for students.
Effective communication can help everyone to understand and acknowledge the perspective and contributions of all – staff, parents/guardians, community providers, and students.
It is important for all those […]